Incorporating Environmental Themes in an Existing Curriculum: A Case Study of the Nonformal Educational Subsector
Authors / Editors: Flor, Alexander G.
It is generally acknowledged that environmental themes have to be incorporated into basic education, technical vocational education, higher education, and nonformal education curricula. The question that confronts the education sector today is how these themes may be incorporated. There are two schools of thought regarding the issue: the integrationists, who argue that environmentalism requires separate courses that need to be integrated into existing curricula; and the infusionists, who believe that environmental themes need not be packaged into separate courses but infused into existing courses instead. The paper presents the ADB Philippines Environmental Education Project as a case study to present the arguments for and against infusion and integration. Although the project itself covers basic, technical-vocational and higher education, the paper focuses on the nonformal education sub-sector.
Published by: The Journal of Environmental Science and Management 4 (1) , 2001 |
Type of Publication: Journal Article