UP RI participates in a workshop reviewing the National Climate Change Action Plan
The National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP): Thematic Consultation on Adaptation-Mitigation Nexus Analysis Knowledge and Capacity Development workshop is a follow-up activity of the Inception Report conducted last August 28-31, 2018. The 2nd consultation workshop scheduled on October 8-12 aims to validate the step-wise description of the process of adaptation-mitigation nexus analysis drawing upon lessons learned from the Inception Workshop, validate the provisionally identified systems of interest across the thematic sector namely food security, water sufficiency, ecological and environmental stability, human security, climate-friendly industries and services, sustainable energy, and knowledge and capacity development, and discuss issues, gaps, and challenges identified in the monitoring and evaluation of the NCCAP for 2012-2016. The workshop intends develop outputs that will illustrate the adaptation-mitigation nexus analysis sectoral linkages, identify the key processes and inputs to refine and complete the analyses for all systems of interest across the seven themes using the data from the previous workshop, and pursue agreements on the ways forward addressing the issues, gaps, and challenges identified.
The program started by an opening remarks by Mr. Jerome Ilagan, Division Chief of Policy Research and Development Division Climate Change Office, of the Climate Change Commission. Mr. Ilagan stressed the priorities on updating the NCCAP in consideration with Sea Level Rise and gas emission in the country and how the NCCAP must find its way to the Philippine Development Plan. Afterwards, Ms. Elaine Borejon provided brief introduction of the NSFCC and NCCAP. She highlighted the RA 9729 which mandates the CCC to formulate the NCCAP in accordance with NFSCC which is the roadmap to reach the goal of enhancing adaptive capacity of communities, increase resilience of natural ecosystem to climate change and optimize mitigation opportunities towards sustainable development. She also provided of summary of what happened from the previous Inception Report.
Later on a presentation on the overview of the results of the NCCAP 2012-2016 Monitoring and Evaluation (M&e). The M&E Team composed of CCC staff, agency counterparts, GIZ advisors, and research assistances, and independent evaluators conducted data gathering and analysis. Highlights of the key accomplishments and findings are as follows:
- An integrated national anchor program has not been established either for knowledge and capability development;
- Outputs and activities were identified but are pursued sectorally, rather than coherently through integrated structure programs
- Major decision support systems (DSS) were established, but they are as yet sectoral, not yet through an integrated nor interopable, and has yet to be centrally-managed
- Several vetting mechanisms, processes and criteria were developed and implemented to identify, prioritize, and pilot climate adaptation and mitigation actions under most of the themes.
- There was an attempt across themes to rationalize the development and prioritization of the adaptation measures on the ground considering local knowledge and experiences, but no information to categorically establish that locals and communities were actually involved in the identification and vetting or prioritization processes of climate measures.
- During the reporting period, a national climate changes awareness survey revealed that there is widespread awareness climate change and its anthropogenic causes and that recent climate-related events and patterns are the new normal. However, it is likewise revealed that there is generally a low awareness of the government’s programs, projects and activities related to addressing climate change.
The session of the workshop was delivered by Mr. Richard Smithers from GIZ who presented the adaptation-mitigation nexus analysis process.
Mr. Smithers first clarified definitions used, defining of Climate Sensitivity, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability based on IPCC AR5 definition. He stated that “Adaptation requires prioritization in relation to vulnerability and exposure to climate change particularly extreme weather and climate events.” Noting that mitigation is pursued as a function of adaptation. Mr. Smithers also discussed the Adaptation Principles, which are the guiding principles of the NFSCC 2010-2022, used and such principles include:
- Adaptation measures shall be based on equity
- Climate change initiatives by one sector should not hinder the adaptation of other sector but rather must complement
- Build adaptive capacity of communities and increase the resilience of natural ecosystem
Next, Mr. Smithers outlines the proposed outputs of the project, which included
- Adaptation-mitigation nexus analysis
- Data from consultations
- High-level guidance on a systematic process for the NCCAP update
After the session of Mr. Smithers, the Inception Workshop began. The workshop started with the validation of the SOIs for the nexus analysis, where the participants worked on the outputs from the previous workshop and reviewed and refined the outputs by identifying links between the NCCAP focal theme’s high-level activities and Sustainable Development Goals, Philippine Development Plan and other themes. The next part of the workshop included identifying common SOIs that were associated with the previous step. Completing the nexus analysis was the identification of the benefits of all high-level activities associated with each SOI for adaptation and mitigation by reference of the rankings initially determined.
Mr. Smithers of GIZ discussing the definitions.
Mr. Smithers joins the participants (which includes UP RI's Ms. Joy Santiago) in the workshop. The participants include representatives from DOH, DEPED, DILG, DENR and other government agencies.